- Start iterating and stop when seeing non num char.
Implement the myAtoi(string s) function, which converts a string to a 32-bit signed integer (similar to C/C++’s atoi function).
The algorithm for myAtoi(string s) is as follows:
- Read in and ignore any leading whitespace.
- Check if the next character (if not already at the end of the string) is ‘-‘ or ‘+’. Read this character in if it is either. This determines if the final result is negative or positive respectively. Assume the result is positive if neither is present.
- Read in next the characters until the next non-digit character or the end of the input is reached. The rest of the string is ignored.
- Convert these digits into an integer (i.e. “123” -> 123, “0032” -> 32). If no digits were read, then the integer is 0. Change the sign as necessary (from step 2).
- If the integer is out of the 32-bit signed integer range [-231, 231 - 1], then clamp the integer so that it remains in the range. Specifically, integers less than -231 should be clamped to -231, and integers greater than 231 - 1 should be clamped to 231 - 1.
- Return the integer as the final result.
Only the space character ‘ ‘ is considered a whitespace character.
Do not ignore any characters other than the leading whitespace or the rest of the string after the digits.
Input: s = " -42"